Integrity, Transparency and Anti-Corruption - Our Work

Sorbonne-ICSS Research Programme

The Background

In March 2012, the ICSS and the University Paris 1 - Panthéon-Sorbonne launched a research programme to look into the links between international gambling and sports results’ manipulation for the purposes of betting fraud.

The main aim of the programme is to support the efforts of the international community in developing an international legal framework to regulate gambling, provide a detailed analysis of current efforts to combat corruption and present guiding principles including practical steps that can be taken by sport, governments and betting.

The Outcome

The University Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne and the International Centre for Sport Security (ICSS) released the results of a two-year research programme into sport corruption, generating extensive global media coverage across all four corners of the world.

Key findings of the report included:

  • US$140 billion is laundered annually through sport betting
  • 80% of global sport betting is illegally transacted
  • Asia and Europe represents 85% of the total legal and illegal market
  • Europe makes up 49% of the legal market, whilst Asia makes up 53% of the illegal market
  • Legal sports betting currently delivers only €4 billion of official tax revenues for countries
  • More than 8,000 legal operators offer sports betting - 80% are in territories with a low rate of tax and few inspections.
  • The number of illegal operators is impossible to estimate

As well as the key findings of the 1,600 page report, the Sorbonne-ICSS Report resulted in the creation of the Sorbonne-ICSS Guiding Principles - a set of practical recommendations for governments, sports organisations, betting regulators and operators to adopt in order to combat match-fixing and illegal betting.

To read a full copy of the Sorbonne-ICSS Guiding Principles for Protecting the Integrity of Sport Competition, please visit the knowledge portal. ← that should link to the knowledge portal page